Essential Woodworking Hand Tools

If you want to learn to work wood like a master craftsman than having the right hand tools is important. Although many people think of power tools right off the bat, this doesn’t mean you can by pass the rest of the tools that you will need.
There are some essential  hand tools for woodworking given below; you will surely need these tools in each and every woodworking project.

Top 10 really essential woodworking hand tools:

  • Claw Hammer
  • Saw(s)
  • Files
  • Chisels
  • Screwdriver(s)
  • (a set of) pliers
  • 6″ Layout Square
  • Utility Knife
  • 25′ Retractable Tape Measure
  • Level

Slightly less essential – but still very useful tools:

  • Nail Sets
  • Clamps
  • Planes
  • Files
  • Scraper
  • Sliding Bevel
  • Block Plane
  • Steel ruler
  • Awl

Claw Hammer

Claw hammer is one of the most versatile woodworking tools, have slightly rounded, and smooth finish head. Almost everyone use hammer at some point in their lives. The 20 oz. model of hammer is light in weight.
Tip: Choose a hammer that is not too heavy, and feels good in your hand.

6” Layout Square

This is a precious tool for woodworking. It is an easiest and quickest tool for marking a square line for an end cut. The layout square can also be used to quickly measure up to 6 inches or mark any angle up to 45 degree.

Tip: When you are in woodworking shop, keep one 6” layout square in your back pocket or nail pouch. You will need it again and again while working.

Utility Knife
It is the required tool for the woodworker. The utility knife has a locking mechanism that uses disposable razor blades, can be used for cutting small pieces of wood. It can also used for cleaning up a pivot mortise or for scribing a mark in a piece of stock.
Tip: Keep a knife with you during working; you may need it hundred of times.

25′ Retractable Tape Measure
A woodworker must have a retractable tape measure while working. The absolute tape measure should have both metric and standard markings, a slightly loose hook on the end of the tape, and also have locking mechanism.
Tip: You should have an absolute retractable tape measure with you during woodworking.

It is another necessary woodworking tool. A perfectly sharpened chisel is used for cleaning out wastes from mortises, and joints.
Tip: Keep 1”, ¾”, ½” or ¼” width bevel edged chisels with you.

The screwdrivers are used by almost every person at any point in their life. This is a fundamental tool for woodworking.
Tip: Keep 1, 2, and 3 sizes of screwdrivers having flat head or Phillips varieties, during wood working.

You need a level, when you want to know whether a piece of stock is perfectly horizontal or vertical.
Tip: You should have one long level of 28” or 36” and second short level of 6”.

Sliding Bevel
A sliding bevel has a locking mechanism, and can be adjusted to any angle. When the angle needs to be duplicated, it is very handy.

Block Plane

Every woodworker needs a small block plane. The block plane is used for cleaning up edges during assembly, and is precious for shaving thin pieces of wood from the stock.

Nail Sets
This is a small woodworking tool that is used for sink nail heads beneath the wood surface.

Clamps in several styles and sizes, these are pretty cheap and you can get them in many places. They last a long time so you can even buy them second hand if you want to.

Saws: You will need several kind of saws for working with wood. Such as dovetail, back, and tenon saw. You can get them new or used, but make sure they are in good condition if you choose to buy one at a second hand shop or a garage sale. You will also have to sharpen it yourself or at a shop if you buy a used saw.

Planes are good for getting things smoothed down, you can find a few varying planes to work with. You should have the minimum of a block plane or a jointer one to begin your wood working endeavors.

Scraper. A scraper can be used for all kinds of things. You can try to find a used paint scraper or hand scraper to start you off.
Files. You will need some files in a few different sizes to for lots of tasks.

Mallet, this can be used with a chisel.

Wrenches, get them in more than one size.

A kit of screwdrivers, you will need all shapes and sizes, so get a kit.

A last word of advice:

It is better to get a good tool than buy a cheap one, since you will be using them often. It can be tempting to buy a cheap set, but don’t cause they won’t last long. If you get something good it will last longer over time.